Getting involved in the marijuana industry can be daunting and exciting. With a little practice and patience, you’ll be able to master this art form. However, you’ll likely run into various problems along the way. If you’re new to growing cannabis, you’ll probably experience an overwatering, nutrient burn, and harvesting issues. Thankfully, you can discover ways to avoid and remedy these problems by learning more about marijuana horticulture. Do so will put you on another level than ordinary growers.
What is marijuana horticulture and how can it help you? These questions will be explored in more depth below.
What Is Horticulture?
Some people suspect that gardening and horticulture are the same. This couldn’t be further from the truth. When you garden, you’ll go outside, prepare the soil, and plant the seeds. Then, you’ll begin caring for the plants. Horticulture is a bit deeper than that. It involves the art or science associated with cultivating the plants. If you’re involved in the horticulture of marijuana, you’re taking things to a new level. You’re discovering new and more effective ways to grow cannabis while limiting issues.
Marijuana horticulture is the practice of cultivating and managing a marijuana garden.
What Is Required?
If you want to be successful in cannabis horticulture, you need to find out what is needed. What do cannabis plants need to thrive? What should you give the plants to ensure that they’ll be able to grow healthy buds? Whether you’re going to be growing plants inside or outside, you should know that the plants’ requirements will be the same. Cannabis plants have a handful of necessities. It is pertinent to make sure your plants receive all of these things or they’ll be weak, puny, and sick.
With that being said, you have to make sure that your plants receive sufficient light, water, air, nutrients, soil, and heat. This ensures that the plant can thrive inside or outside. By ensuring you have everything required to achieve efficient cannabis horticulture, you can guarantee that your plants are going to deliver maximum growth. If you analyze the life cycles of the cannabis plant, you will find that it is going to go through several stages.
When you get started, you’re going to find yourself holding onto seeds. This is the first stage of the cannabis horticulture. If you want to grow cannabis plants, you will need to germinate those seeds. Cannabis germination is not difficult but some seeds will not sprout. If this happens, you’ll want to try another germination method or throw them out and try new seeds. It can take anywhere from 3 to 7 days for the seedlings to sprout.
When they sprout, you will notice that the seed cracks open on one end. Then, a white root will emerge from that crack. This is the beginning of the plant’s root system. Once you’ve reached this stage, you will need to plant the seed.
Growth Of The Seedling
The next stage of the marijuana horticulture process is the seedling’s growth. After the germination process, you’re going to have a single root. You’ll want to plant the seed with the root down. Once you’ve done that, the root will begin spreading throughout the soil. The plant will create a diverse root system that will cover the soil in the container. The roots are essential since they’re going to help the plant obtain nutrients and water. To ensure that the seedlings can thrive and develop healthily, you’ll want to give them 16 to 18 hours of light.
If you’ve used a small container, you will need to transplant the plant. Otherwise, it will not be able to move on to the next stage of cannabis horticulture. This can be risky but it is necessary.
You do not want the plant to become root-bound. Therefore, you’ll need to transplant it to a bigger container. When doing so, you need to be cautious to prevent damaging the root. Transplanting will cause stress and shock. So, you’ll need to give the plant a few days to recover. Remember to continue giving the plant at least 16 hours of life during the vegetative state. During this stage of cannabis horticulture, the plant will mature and the root system will become more complex. The older roots will begin transporting water and they may also help by storing food.
The root’s tip will help expand throughout the soil so the plant can find more water and nutrients. This combination will help the plant stay healthy while ensuring it can grow larger. The central stem is used by the plant to transfer nutrients and water to the leaves and other parts of the plant. Also, you should be able to see the development of nodes at this point. This is where the buds are going to grow during the flowering stage.
Pre-Flowering And Flowering
In terms of horticulture, the plant will go through two more stages. This includes the pre-flowering stage and the flowering stage. In the first stage, you may not be able to determine the plant’s sex. You will likely need to wait until you change the plant’s light cycle and it enters the flowering stage. At this point, the plant will develop its sex organs so you’ll be able to tell the distance without much effort. It is vital to understand that male plants will have a major impact on female plants. If you let them flower and grow together, your female plants will grow seeds and buds.
This will diminish the size and potency of the buds while growing seeds too. If your goal is to grow potent buds and big buds, you’ll want to separate the sexes. Some people will grow male plants so they can keep the seeds. Otherwise, you should dispose of them. During the flowering stage, you’ll want to make sure that the plants receive 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. Pay close attention to them so you can identify and remedy problems immediately. During this stage, cannabis plants are more vulnerable to problems so you need to act quickly.