States like Colorado, Alaska, California, and Illinois have legalized marijuana for both recreational and medical purposes. People living in states where recreational marijuana is legal may be able to grow their own plants. Depending on the state you reside in, you may be able to have up 12 plants growing simultaneously. Before you start growing weed, you need to know your state laws. Once you verify the legality of marijuana in your state, you will be ready to start turning marijuana seeds into consumable weed.
First Step – Germinate Your Seeds
Growing marijuana indoors is a little tricky. Unlike outdoor growing, the seeds need to be germinated for indoor growing. You really cannot go wrong when germinating weed seeds as long as they are hydrated. When you place the seeds in moist soil outdoors, they will germinate on their own. Unfortunately, that is not the case when germinating indoors.
Some growers place their seeds in a small cup of water for several days before placing them in a wet paper towel. This is not necessary but it may help speed up the germination process. Each day, you will need to check the paper towel to ensure it is still damp and the seeds have not popped open. Once they are germinated, they will be ready to transplant.
If your seeds do not germinate within a week, it is likely they are not going to. You can add heat and wait a few more days to see if that will help speed up the germination. Unfortunately, not all seeds are guaranteed to germinate unless they are purchased from a licensed dispensary.
Second Step – Prepare Your Soil
The key to growing a high yield of cannabis indoors is organic soil. You will need several items, which should be available at your local big box or home & garden store. Start with a small bucket, layer the bottom with gravel, coco coir, or peat moss. This material will be the base that will allow for better drainage. If you do not utilize a base, the water may not drain out the bottom of the bucket, leading to root rot.
Utilize a mixture of over-the-counter potting soil and bone or blood meal. It is your choice to add the bone meal now or wait until the plant enters the flowering state. You can also utilize a half mixture of bone and blood meals to add all the necessary nutrients, including nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorous.
Epsom salts can be added for a magnesium substitute and azomite for micronutrients. Every grower has a unique way of preparing their soils. Do not fret, you will learn as you go. Just about everyone experiences some type of setback on the first trial run.
Mix your ingredients together and pour them into your bucket on top of the base. Do not overfill the bucket, leave about 3 inches open – depending on the size of your bucket – to ensure thorough watering and pruning.
Third Step – Transplant Your Germinated Seeds
It is recommended to never make contact with marijuana seeds. Instead, utilize tongs or tweezers to pick them up. Utilizing your finger, create a small hole in the soil about ¼-inch deep. Some suggest a ½-inch hole but it really does not matter.
Utilizing your tweezers, gently pick up the first seed and place it in the pre-made hole. Now, here is where it gets a little tricky. You will need to cover the seed with soil without making contact. You can utilize a compact shovel or rake for this purpose, which will ensure there is no contact between you and the seed.
Do not pack the soil around the seed. Only cover it loosely to allow the plant to grow more freely.
Fourth Step – Water Your Germinated Seeds
Like newborns, weed seeds do not come with instructions. There is only the sparse information available online and word-of-mouth. Most marijuana plants are durable, so a few mistakes along the way will not make a lot of difference. It is recommended to water the seeds thoroughly, utilizing about two cups of water but not just any ole’ water. Rainwater is always going to be the best option for weed plants but people living in apartments, flats, and condos may have no or limited access. So, the next best thing will be purified or distilled water.
Distilled water can be bought in gallon jugs or created at home through boiling. You can also utilize a tap water conditioner, which comes in a plastic bottle. The conditioner neutralizes chloramines, chlorine, and other chemicals from tap water. In a few seconds, you will be able to water your plants safely.
As your plants begin to grow, you will need to add more water and transplant them in larger buckets. You will utilize the same watering technique throughout this process.
Fifth Step – Test Your Soil pH Levels
Some people do not find it necessary to test their soil while others swear by it. If you opt to test the pH in your cannabis soil, you will need to invest in a pH testing kit. Cannabis plants need anywhere between 6 and 6.8 pH when growing in buckets indoors.
The testing kit will include directions for testing the pH level in your soil. It is a simple process that should be repeated at least every week. To test the soil, it is recommended to utilize the runoff water. This measurement will give you an estimate of the pH in the soil near the plant’s roots.
You can make adjustments to the pH by adding garden lime or white vinegar. When the pH level is too low, just add a small amount of white vinegar. When the levels are too high, utilize the garden lime to make the necessary adjustments.
Sixth Step – Prune Your Cannabis Plants
Throughout the life of your cannabis plants, you will need to prune them. The key is to remove all the large branches, followed by the smaller branches near the middle area of the plant. Remove all dead branches and leaves as soon as possible.
Within three to four months, your cannabis plants will be ready to harvest.